Red Cross / First Aid / Emergency Quiz

1. If you need to call 9-1-1 in an emergency, what should you tell the dispatcher?

A. Stay calm as you describe the emergency
B. Give your name and the phone number of the phone you are using to make the call
C. Give the exact address where the emergency occurred
D. All of the above

Answer: D, all of the above. Try to remain calm and speak slowly and clearly. The dispatcher may ask you if anyone has been injured and, if so, how many; and the condition of the victim(s). Don't hang up until the dispatcher tells you it's OK to do so. Wait on the scene until emergency help arrives.

2. In which situation(s) should you call 9-1-1 (or the local emergency number) instead of driving to a hospital emergency department?

A. The injury or condition is life threatening
B. The injury or condition could become life threatening on the way to the hospital
C. You are confused or unsure about what to do
D. All of the above

Answer: D, all of the above. If your area does not have 911 service, also post emergency numbers for police and fire. Other useful numbers are your local hospital and ambulance service. If you have pets, post your veterinarian's number, as well.

3. What should you put on a minor (first-degree) burn?

A. Cold, running water
B. Butter
C. Ice

Answer: A, cold running water. Minor burns are defined as first-degree burns and any second-degree burns that extend over an area of skin no larger than three inches. In a first-degree burn, the skin is red and may be swollen and somewhat painful. If blisters are present, it's considered a second-degree burn. Ice, butter and oil can damage the skin. Instead, for minor burns, cool the burn with cold, running water. When the burn is cool, apply an antibiotic ointment and cover the wound with a dry, sterile gauze (not fluffy cotton) bandage. The burn should heal in two weeks. Change the dressing every day and watch for any signs of infection. More serious burns are a medical emergency and should be treated by a doctor right away.

4. A co-worker has sprained her ankle. What should you do?

A. Apply heat.
B. Rest and Immobilize (keep the injured area from moving), Cold (apply an ice pack) and Elevate the injured area (only if it does not cause more pain).
C. Provide aspirin

Answer: B: R.I.C.E. (Rest, Immobilize, Cold, Elevate).
Heat gives the opposite of the desired effect—it promotes swelling and can keep the injury from healing as quickly as it could. The right approach is to:

Rest
Immobilize (keep the injured area from moving)
Cold (apply an ice pack)
Elevate the injured area (only if it does not cause more pain).

5. If blood is spurting from a wound, what should you do?

A. Apply a tourniquet
B. Cover the wound with a sterile dressing and apply continuous pressure until the bleeding stops.
C. Raise the wound above the victim's heart to slow the bleeding

Answer: B, Cover the wound with a clean sterile dressing and apply continuous pressure with the palm of your hand. Never use a tourniquet to control bleeding. A tourniquet, such as a cloth or bandage twisted tight, can damage nerves and blood vessels, leading to greater injury. If you have applied pressure to a wound for at least 20 minutes, but it continues to bleed, seek medical help. Do not remove any objects that have pierced the victim; medical personnel should do this.